Netherlands to Build a Bio-Plastic Green Chemistry Country

Dutch government is investing huge money to play Bio-based economies for the Netherlands, trying for the Netherlands in 2050 to become the country of the world-famous green chemistry. Leaders from all walks of life gathered in the Dutch town Wageningen to discuss Bio-plastics innovation.

In the opening speech, from the Synbra of Assembly President Jan Noordegraaf introduces Sustainable Development Plan of the Government of the Netherlands, which involves the production of biomass, the biomass input chain and the production of green chemicals and materials. He said that, in 2050 the Netherlands strive to the top three of the big country among global smart materials production.

Noordegraaf said: Netherlands will soon enter a new golden era, it has a unique condition to build green bio-based economy. The Netherlands has strong universities and chemical companies, solid foundation of expertise, and also launched a number of R & D programs, including BPM itself and BE-Basic. BE-Basic is a global public-private partnership plan, funded by the Government of the Netherlands. Noordegraaf said, the vast arable land in the Netherlands, which is an important green beans growing country, and green beans in a bio-plastic materials has incomparable advantages. He added that the bio-plastics industry also gets financial support from many sources. The amount of money put into bio-plastics joint research will reach 445 million Euros in 2015. The industry has pledged to invest the funds will be higher than 100 million Euros, of which 30% comes from SMEs. The BPM program initiated in March 2010 will also provide a large amount of money, to help the Dutch to develop bio-material producing country. BPM gets E 4,000,000 funds invested by industry. in addition, the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs also allocated 400 million Euros.

Karin Weustink, the Dutch Ministry of Economic, Agriculture and Innovation Affairs said at the meeting, the Dutch government also hopes to reduce bureaucracy, and actively promote this program. She said: We will try to make financing easier, for example, with the signing of the credit agreement to replace the traditional government subsidies, and directly introduced foreign capital and so on. It is important to support small and medium enterprises too, for example, they can get the loan guarantees.

In the discussion at the meeting, a number of industry leaders have introduced biological material projects what being implemented in the industry. For example, the Dutch sugar beet growers Alliance Royal Cosun announced that prepare a carrot residue-based composites for commercial use. Audi also introduced its Scirocco Bioconcept biological concept car. The car as much as possible adopts sustainable development processes and materials, including flax fiber composite materials in the doors.

With A Torn Rotator Cuff I Nearly Had To Give Up Playing Golf

Being an older dad with young kids I try fairly hard to keep myself fit and active so that I can keep up with the kids as they grow older. I also enjoy a game of golf occasionally, a good walk ruined as they say. I’m not a great player as I am never able to play as frequently as I would like but I do like a round every now and again, so was really annoyed when I developed a shoulder injury that stopped me playing.

It was more complicated than that. My shoulder problem turned out to be nothing less than a torn rotator cuff which stopped me from doing any sort of activity. It was painful when I walked or ran, even though I am right handed, any movement caused serious pain in my left shoulder. If I forgot and made a sudden movement I could end up crying with pain. I can remember exactly when I did it. I was being my usual impatient self and trying to lift some flat packed furniture on my own rather than waiting for help, felt something go in my shoulder and that was that. Shoulder messed up| The next day I woke up with shoulder pain and it just got worse with each passing day.

Reaching above my shoulder, reaching out for anything was impossible. I couldn’t reach behind me. Sleeping was impossible because I couldn’t get comfortable and I couldn’t do a thing with the kids. Golf was just not going to happen for the forseeable future. So it was off to the doctor who sent me to see a specialist. He diagnosed my torn rotator cuffand confirmed it with an MRI scan. The shoulder joint is a simple ball and socket joint. It is different to the hip joint in that the socket is made up predominantly of cartilage and not bone like in the hip, and doesn’t grip the bone of the arm. Instead, a group of four muscles help to hold the arm in place and stabilise the shoulder joint. These make up the rotator cuff. What I had done was tear one of these muscles which caused inflammation. Because all the muscles fit snuggly together any inflammation can cause pressure and pain.

The muscle that I had torn is called the supraspinatus. I had manged to tear a tendon that runs under my collar bone or clavicle and the end of my shoulder blade or scapula. Because it was inflammed, each time that I moved in a certain wayit got pinched or impingedpinched and was aggravated. Surgery was recommended to cut away part of my collar bone to release the impinged tendon and allow it to heal without any more damage. It all sounded very easy but I was still a bit nervous.

As I live in the UK we often have to wait for surgery so I used the time to do some research on the subject while I waited for my surgery date. Having read up on my injury extensively I finally discovered that most rotator cuff problems are cured with physical therapy .Even a torn rotator cuff can be solved in this way, as long as it is only a partial tear. You start off by resting the joint to allow the inflammation to calm down, treating it with anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen and using ice packs. Once things have reduced you can start gentle exercises aimed at building up and strengthening the rotator cuff

In just six weeks my shoulder was pain free and the movement had returned to near normal. A few more weeks saw me return to full fitness. I have put off the surgery and will probably be cancelling it altogether if I remain pain free.

In the meantime I am playing golf again, still losing but hey, I do have a bad shoulder!

Conducting Research Through Cognitive Laboratories

Johnson and Duran encouraged use of cognitive laboratories as a means for determining whether lack of access skills impede measurement of target skills. With cognitive laboratories, students work one-on-one with an administrator and answer test questions by thinking out loud. The administrator observes and records the thought process students use in arriving at their answers.

Cognitive labs would allow researchers to compare how students with various disabilities react to the questions under different accommodations and to do further study into what constituted appropriate accommodations. Further Research on the Performance of English-Language Learners Duran commented that better understanding of the achievement of English-language learners depends on improvements in access to appropriate assessment accommodations for these students. He called for additional work to develop ways to evaluate the English proficiency of nonnative English speakers. This is a particularly urgent issue in light of the recently passed legislation. He also encouraged researchers to examine the relationships between performance of achievement tests and relevant background variables, such as length of residence in the U.S., years of exposure to instruction in English, English-language proficiency levels, the characteristics of school curriculum, availability of first and second language resources, and other factors that interact to create different patterns of performance on assessments.

Malouf raised questions about what rate of participation should be expected with NAEP The presentations and his own examination ofNAEP publications indicate that inclusion rates rarely climb much above 70 percent of the students with disabilities and are usually lower. He wondered what the basis might be for judging whether this rate of inclusion was high enough, asking “Should our expectations be based on technical limits, or should they be based on other considerations?” iMaloufcalled for reconsideration of what it means to “rake part meaningfully” in the nation’seducational system, and he urged NAEP’s sponsors to determine ways that all students can participate.

The discussants revisited the issue of providing disaggregated results. Goertz reminded participants that states are required to report these comparisons on their state tests. NAEP’s sponsors have yet to specify their plans for using data from the national or state NAEP programs to report on the performance of students with disabilities compared to that of nondisabled students and the performance of English-language learners compared to that of native speakers. Johnson maintained that it is inevitable that there will be strong pressure on NAEP to report disaggregated results for students with disabilities and for English-language learners. For this part, learning a foreign language needs a leaning tools, many children choose Rosetta Stone Polish and Rosetta Stone Portuguese to learn Polish and Portuguese. Although at this time sample sizes are not large enough to allow reliable reporting at the disaggregated level, NAEP’s future plans for combining state and national samples may produce large enough samples to allow for disaggregation of various groups of students with disabilities. Johnson foresees that when this happens, NAEP will not be able to withstand the pressure to report disaggregated results.

Additional Research Is Needed Malouf also recommended the effects of accommodations that additional research be conducted on on NAEP scores. (item response theory) and DIF (differential item He finds that the IRT i functioning) analyses discussed by Mazzeo are broad in Focus and treat accommodations as single factor, sometimes even combining students with disabilities and English-language learners into a single population. Malouf suggested that NAEP researchers find ways to increase sample sizes to allow study of the effects of specific accommodations and to conduct more fine-grained analyses of accommodations and NAEP.

Report on Operations of China's Civil Aviation Transport Industry 2011-2012

– Since reform and opening up, China’s civil aviation industry has developed rapidly and become one of the most important civil aviation markets growing the fastest in the world.

In 2010, China’s civil aviation industry completed the total transport turnover of 53.85 billion ton-kilometers, increasing by 11.14 billion ton-kilometers by 26.10% over 2009, among which the passenger turnover was 35.96 billion ton-kilometers, increasing by 5.87 billion ton-kilometers by 19.50% over 2009; the cargo and mail turnover was 17.89 billion ton-kilometers, rising by 5.27 billion ton-kilometers by 41.70% over 2009.

By the end of 2010, there had been 43 transport airline companies, which were divided into 35 state-owned holding companies, 8 non-state owned holding enterprises, 11 professional freight airline companies, 16 Sino-foreign airline joint ventures and 5 listed companies according to different categories.

By the end of 2010, there had been 1,597 final-term registered transport aircrafts in China’s civil aviation industry, increasing by 180 over 2009; there had been a total of 175 civil transport airports, rising by 9 over 2009, which all launched scheduled flights.

By the end of 2010, there had been a total of 1,880 airlines of scheduled flights in China. The airline length calculated by repeat distance was 3.98 million kilometers and that calculated by non-repeat distance was 2.77 million kilometers.

By the end of 2010, there had been 111 general airline companies with the general airline company business certificate. In 2010, the flight time of the general aviation industry was 139,800 hours, ascending by 12.90% over 2009.

In 2010, the cumulative operating revenue of China’s civil aviation industry was CNY 411.50 billion, rising by 37% over 2009, among which the operating revenue of airline companies was CNY 299.90 billion, increasing by 40% over 2009 and that of airports was CNY 41.70 billion, increasing by 22% over 2009.

China’s civil aviation industry developed at a high speed, but there are still defects in the development. One of the major conflicts lies in liberalization of international air transport and weakness of overall international capability of China’s civil aviation industry. Statistics show that in China’s aviation passenger transport market, the market share of China’s domestic airline companies reduced from 45.30% in 2005 to 44% in 2010; in China’s aviation freight market, although the market share of China’s domestic aviation companies increased from 23.90% in 2005 to 32%, it was still less than 1/3 of international aviation fright market.

At present, in China, there are no airline companies possessing the capability to establish two or more hubs interiorly, and various major busy airports have no enough resources for the hub network establishment of 2 airline companies simultaneously. Due to the absence of a large-scale aviation hub network and the support of domestic airline network effect, the international competitiveness of China’s aviation companies is directly affected.

It is predicted that in the next few years, with China’s economic growth, China’s civil aviation industry will maintain rapid development and general aviation will see favorable market prospects. The market competition of China’s civil aviation industry will become more intense and China’s domestic civil aviation enterprises will face the competition from international airline companies, high-speed railways and other modes of transport.


Following more information can be acquired from this report: -Operations of China’s Civil Aviation Industry -Development of China’s General Aviation Industry -Market Competition in China’s Civil Aviation Industry -Prediction on Development of China’s Civil Aviation Industry

Following people are suggested to buy this report: -Airline Companies -Airports -Logistics Enterprises -Investors/Research Institutions Focusing on Civil Aviation Industry